Review with the ANS

 

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NCLEX REVIEW SHOWNOTES:

Understand that the Nervous system includes the Central Nervous System (CNS), the Peripheral Nervous Sytem (PNS) and the Autonomic Nervous System or the (ANS).

When I say the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, We can simplify at as the BRAIN and the SPINAL CORD.

The PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM on the other hand, contains the CRANIAL NERVES and the SPINAL NERVES.

  • WHEN WE TALK ABOUT THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYTEM, WE ARE BASICALLY TALKING ABOUT THE “SYMPATHETIC” (FIGHT OR FLIGHT) SYSTEM OR THE “PARASYMPATHETIC” SYSTEM.
  • .THE BASIC COMPONENT OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM IS THE NERVE CELL OR NEURON

NEURON

– is the primary component of the nervous system.

– it is composed of cell body (gray matter), axon and dendrites.

BRAIN  (Central Nervous System: Brain and Spinal Cord).

CEREBRUM- Outermost area (cerebral cortex) is gray matter, deeper area is composed of white matter

  • TWO HEMISPHERES: LEFT AND RIGHT AND EACH HEMISPHERE IS DIVIDED INTO TWO LOBES.

FRONTAL LOBE

  • PERSONALITY, BEHAVIOR
  • HIGHER INTELLECTUAL FUNCTIONING
  • BROCA’S AREA: (MOTOR SPEECH AREA)

PARIETAL LOBE

  • POSTCENTRAL GYRUS: REGISTERS SENSATION (TOUCH, PRESSURE)
  • INTEGRATES SENSORY INFORMATION

TEMPORAL LOBE

  • HEARING, TASTE, SMELL (HINT: LOCATION OF EARS – CLOSE THE TEMPLES)
  • WERNICKE’S AREA: SENSORY SPEECH AREA
  • (UNDERSTANDING, FORMATION OF LANGUAGE)

OCCIPITAL LOBE

  • VISION

Peripheral Nervous System- composed of Spinal Nerves (31)

Autonomic Nervous System- part of the Peripheral Nervous System

  • REGULATES FUNCTIONS OCCURRING AUTOMATICALLY IN THE BODY.
  • ANS REGULATES SMOOTH MUSCLE, CARDIAC MUSCLE AND GLANDS.

IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO KNOW EVERY PHYSIOLOGY FOR EVERY SINGLE PART OF THE BRAIN.  BUT JUST IN CASE WE END UP GETTING LOW LEVEL QUESTIONS ON THE EXAM, THEN IT IS IMPORTANT THAT WE UNDERSTAND THE BASIC CONCEPT AND FUNCTION OF EACH AREA. IT WOULD ALSO BE A GREAT IDEA TO KNOW THE CRANIAL NERVES.

QUICK NCLEX OVERVIEW:

EYE AND EAR DISORDERS

GLAUCOMA

Glaucoma: there is an increased of intraocular pressure in the eye.

There are two types:

  1. OPEN ANGLE GLAUCOMA OR “PRIMARY” GLAUCOMA
  2. PRIMARY ANGLE GLAUCOMA.

Open angle glaucoma is slow in onset and chronic, while the primary angle glaucoma needs immediate treatment.

Open Angle Glaucoma

Bilateral

Acute Angle-closure Glaucoma

Unilateral

TREATMENT

Beta Adrenergic Blockers

CHOLINERGIC AGENTS (PILOCARPINE) ♣ (MAKE SURE TO KNOW THIS FOR THE NCLEX)

AVOID ANTICHOLINERGICS (Atropine)

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Welcome to this NCLEX Quick E Course: There is only ONE GOAL with this course, and that is to pass the NCLEX.  You have made it this far, you have graduated Nursing School.  You basically have learned, in some way or another the content and essential knowledge necessary to pass the NCLEX exam.  With the help of this course, it will now depend on how you are able to apply this knowledge and strategies towards the NCLEX.

Before starting this Quick E Course, I will require 3 essential qualities that you have from within:

The Three C’s includes:

Confidence: Confident that you are going to pass the NCLEX Exam.
Commitment: Committed in doing everything, to pass this Exam.
Concentration: Focus and Concentration throughout this review.

This COURSE will INCLUDE… ♣

The Quick E Course
Test Taking Strategies
Maslow's  Hierarchy
The Nursing Process
Lab Values (Important)
Intravenous Fluids
Electrolyte Values
NCLEX Review on Medication (IMPORTANT)
The Cardiac System
The Neuro System
The Respiratory System
The G.I. System
The G.U. System
The Endocrine System
The Integumentry System
The Hematologic System
The Musculoskeletal System
Eye and Ear Disorders
Infection Control
Management and Delegation
Types of Dysrhytmias
Pharmacology
Drug Classifications & Adverse Reactions.

Classification and Side Effects
The Antidote for certain Drugs.
Vitamins and Mineral
Cardiac Pharmacology
Cardiovascular Drugs (Simplified)
Cardiac Glycosides
Antidysrhytmics
Anticoagulants
Diuretics
Thrombolytics
Cardiac Stimulants
Central Nervous System Pharm.

CNS Stimulants
Anticonvulsants
Barbituates
Benzodiazepines
Succinimides
Antiparkinsonians
Antimyasthenic (Cholinergics)
Opioid Analgesics
Opioid Antagonists
Antiseizure Medication
Respiratory Pharmacology

Bronchodilators
Mucolytic Agents and Expectorants
Antihistamine
Antitussives
G.I. System Pharmacology

GI Drugs
Antacids
Anticholinergics
Antiemetics
Antidiarrheals
Cathartics/Laxatives
G.U. System Pharmacology

Spasmolytics
Urinary Anti-infectives
Pharmacology Review

A basic review of pharmacology
Overview of diff. type of Antibiotics
Adrenegic Antagonist Drugs
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Hematological Disorders

Antiplatelets
Anticoagluants
Autonomic Nervous System

Adrenergic Drugs
Cholinergic Agents
Anticholinergics
Antiparkinsonian Agents
Beta Adrenergic Blockers

Anti-infectives
Aminoglycosides
Maternity and Pediatrics
Maternal Assessment
Signs of Pregnancy
Complications of Pregnancy
1st, 2nd & 3rd Trimester Pregnancy
Ectopic Pregnancy
Placenta Previa
Preeclamsia

Caring for the Maternal Client

Signs of Pregnancy
Newborn and Pediatrics
Care of the Newborn
Growth & Development
Cardiovascular Disorders

Respiratory Disorders
Neurological Disorders
Gastrointestinal Disorders
Pediatrics: An NCLEX Review

Psychiatric Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Substance Abuse
Drug Use

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All the Instructions to ACCESS the COURSE will be sent through your email.

All Proceeds Help Support my Help the Homeless Project below.  ⇓⇓⇓⇓ 

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