Review on Infection Control

INFECTION CONTROL NCLEX REVIEW

Everyone taking the NCLEX or is about to take the NCLEX  has realized that the NCSBN had change some of the content format of the NCLEX.  One of the big changes includes the percent amount of SAFETY AND INFECTION CONTROL that will be on the NCLEX.  The “Safety and Infection Control” now makes up about 8-14% of the questions in the NCLEX, I believe that it only previously composed of about 9-12% prior (or I could be wrong).

INFECTION CONTROL

Recently Infection Control makes up about 10- 13% of the NCLEX.  That means that if you are able to get the average of about 130-150 questions, then you are guaranteed to recieved between 15- 20 questions that is related to Infection Control.  Even if we get the least (75) amount of questions, we can still receive about 7-9 questions that is related to infection control, that is a HUGE help, if we do well on these questions.  I personally dont think that Infection control is a difficult area.  I believe that most of the nursing students never really studied “Infection Control,” when they were in Nursing School.  Therefore, this lack of knowledge did not prepare the majority of the Nursing Student for the NCLEX.

STANDARD PRECAUTIONS

– is always done in congruent with the other types of precautions.

Transmission-based Precautions includes:

A – Airborne
D – Droplet
C – Contact

Airborne Precaution

  • IS DONE WHEN SMALL DROPLETS OF INFECTED PATHOGENS ARE ABOUT ( 5 UM) ARE SUSPENDED IN THE AIR OVER TIME AND TRAVELS A DISTANCE OF MORE THAN (3) THREE FEET.

AIRBORNE PRECAUTION IS USED WITH THESE DISEASES:

My – Measles

  • MEASLES- OR RUBEOLA
  • CAN BE TRANSMITTED THROUGH BLOOD URINE AND DROPLETS
  • COMMUNICABLE ABOUT 4-5 DAYS AFTER THE RASH
  • TREATMENT: BEDREST AND ANTIBIOTICS

Chicken – Chickenpox

  • CHICKENPOX (VARICELLA)
  • PT. WILL HAVE A SLIGHT FEVER
  • MACULAR RASH APPEARS ON TRUNK AND EVENTUALLY TURN TO CRUST.

Hez – Herpes Zoster (Disseminated)

TB – Tuberculosis

  • PRIVATE ROOM
  • NEGATIVE PRESSURE WITH 6-12 AIR EXCHANGES PER HOUR
  • UV
  • MASK
  • N95 MASK FOR TB

DROPLET PRECAUTION

S – Sepsis
S – Scarlet fever
S – Streptococcal pharyngitis
P – Pneumonia
I – Influenza
D – Diptheria (Pharyngeal)
E – Epiglottitis

What is necesary: Private room and Mask

Contact Precation
M – Multidrug resistant organism
R – Respiratory infection – RSV
E – Enteric infections – clostridium defficile
E – Eye infections

Skin Infections:
V – Varicella zoster
C – Cutaneous diptheria
H – Herpes simplex
I – Impetigo
S – Scabies, Staphylococcus

PRIVATE ROOM
GLOVES
GOWNS

NCLEX REVIEW ON INFECTION CONTROL

It is really important to STUDY AND UNDERSTAND INFECTION CONTROL FOR THE NCLEX EXAM.

Lets look at INFECTION CONTROL MORE CLOSELY FOR THE NCLEX:

INFECTION CONTROL: NCLEX REVIEW

 

♣♣♣ NCLEX INFECTION CONTROL REVIEW ON CONTACT PRECAUTIONS ♣♣♣
Contact Precautions -Any Physical Skin-Skin Contact
-Contact with contaminated inanimate objects
*Clean (non-sterile) gloves must be used.
*Change gloves after contact with feces, and/or wound drainage
*Remove gloves & wash hands w/antimicrobial cleanser
* Use gown if RN will have contact with, or if client is incontinent, has an iliostomy/colostomy, wound drainage.
* Remove gown before leaving client’s room

INFECTION CONTROL NCLEX DISEASES
Contact Precautions Diseases:
* MRSA
* Vancomycin resistant organisms
* Herpes simplex & zoster
* Hep A
* GI, Wound, & UTIs
* Pediculosis
* Scabies
* C. diff
* RSV
* Hep A if patient is diapered or incontinent
Lyme Disease Stage 1 = rash/papule at area of tick bite (2-30 days), concentric rings/bull’s eye, lesion enlarges quickly. Regional lymphadenopathy. Flu-like symptoms (malaise, fever, HA, myalgia, arthralgia, conjunctivitis) within one to several months.

Stage 2 (if untreated for 1-6 mo.) = Cardiac conduction defects. Neurological disorders: facial paralysis, paralysis that is not permanent.

Stage 3 = Arthralgias, enlarged or inflamed joints, chronic fatigue, cognitive disorders.

 

 

♦♦♦ NCLEX DISEASES: AIRBORNE PRECAUTIONS ♦♦♦

Airborne Precautions < 5 Microns

Make sure that these patients would require:

  1. PRIVATE ROOM
  2. CLOSED DOOR
  3. FILTERED MASK
    CLIENT REQUIRES A PRIVATE ROOM W/ NEG AIR PRESSURE AND 6-12 AIR EXCHANGES PER HOUR.
    DOOR MUST REMAIN CLOSED
    N-95 HEPA FILTER MASK

NCLEX DISEASES: AIRBORNE PRECAUTIONS
DISEASES:
* TB (m. Tuberculosis) MUST WEAR FIT TESTED MASK
* Measles (rubeola)
* Chicken Pox (varicella)
* Shingles (disseminated zoster)

 

 

♠♠♠ NCLEX INFECTION CONTROL REVIEW ON DROPLET PRECAUTIONS ♠♠♠
Droplet Precautions > 5 Microns
Client requires a private room
Room door may remain open
Any contact with conjunctiva or mucous membranes (nose or mouth), coughing, sneezing, talking or procedures such as suctioning or bronchoscopy
Must maintain spatial separation of 3 feet
If < 3 feet, staff or visitors must wear a mask (i.e. staff giving direct care)

* When transporting client, s/he must wear a mask
Diseases:
* Diptheria
* Streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis
* certain pneumonias
* Meningitis -If caused by H. influenzae Type B or N. meningitidis
* Mumps
* Pertussis
* Scarlet fever

 

NCLEX INFECTION CONTROL REVIEW ON AIDS

AIDS — opportunistic infections

  • TB
  • PCP (P. CARINII – PNEUMONIA)
  • C. ALBICANS
  •  C. NEOFORMANS (DEBILITATING MENINGITIS)
  • CMV, KAPOSI’S SARCOMA (MOST COMMON MALIGNANCY)

AIDS Syndrome +ve for HIV in blood (+ve ELISA with a Western Blot or indirect immunoflourescence assay (IFA) follow up) and CD4/TC counts below 200

NCLEX INFECTION CONTROL: TRANSMISSION OF HEPATITIS

  • HEP A TRANSMISSION FECAL/ORAL (SHELLFISH IN CONTAMINATED WATER, CONTAMINATED FOOD HANDLERS ETC.)
    HEP B TRANSMISSION PARENTERAL (BLOOD). MATERNAL – FETAL, SEXUAL CONTACT
    HEP C TRANSMISSION PARENTERAL (BLOOD), SEXUAL CONTACT
    HEP D TRANSMISSION CO-INFECTS W/ HEP B

cgf

Welcome to this NCLEX Quick E Course: There is only ONE GOAL with this course, and that is to pass the NCLEX.  You have made it this far, you have graduated Nursing School.  You basically have learned, in some way or another the content and essential knowledge necessary to pass the NCLEX exam.  With the help of this course, it will now depend on how you are able to apply this knowledge and strategies towards the NCLEX.

Before starting this Quick E Course, I will require 3 essential qualities that you have from within:

The Three C’s includes:

Confidence: Confident that you are going to pass the NCLEX Exam.
Commitment: Committed in doing everything, to pass this Exam.
Concentration: Focus and Concentration throughout this review.

This COURSE will INCLUDE… ♣

The Quick E Course
Test Taking Strategies
Maslow's  Hierarchy
The Nursing Process
Lab Values (Important)
Intravenous Fluids
Electrolyte Values
NCLEX Review on Medication (IMPORTANT)
The Cardiac System
The Neuro System
The Respiratory System
The G.I. System
The G.U. System
The Endocrine System
The Integumentry System
The Hematologic System
The Musculoskeletal System
Eye and Ear Disorders
Infection Control
Management and Delegation
Types of Dysrhytmias
Pharmacology
Drug Classifications & Adverse Reactions.

Classification and Side Effects
The Antidote for certain Drugs.
Vitamins and Mineral
Cardiac Pharmacology
Cardiovascular Drugs (Simplified)
Cardiac Glycosides
Antidysrhytmics
Anticoagulants
Diuretics
Thrombolytics
Cardiac Stimulants
Central Nervous System Pharm.

CNS Stimulants
Anticonvulsants
Barbituates
Benzodiazepines
Succinimides
Antiparkinsonians
Antimyasthenic (Cholinergics)
Opioid Analgesics
Opioid Antagonists
Antiseizure Medication
Respiratory Pharmacology

Bronchodilators
Mucolytic Agents and Expectorants
Antihistamine
Antitussives
G.I. System Pharmacology

GI Drugs
Antacids
Anticholinergics
Antiemetics
Antidiarrheals
Cathartics/Laxatives
G.U. System Pharmacology

Spasmolytics
Urinary Anti-infectives
Pharmacology Review

A basic review of pharmacology
Overview of diff. type of Antibiotics
Adrenegic Antagonist Drugs
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Hematological Disorders

Antiplatelets
Anticoagluants
Autonomic Nervous System

Adrenergic Drugs
Cholinergic Agents
Anticholinergics
Antiparkinsonian Agents
Beta Adrenergic Blockers

Anti-infectives
Aminoglycosides
Maternity and Pediatrics
Maternal Assessment
Signs of Pregnancy
Complications of Pregnancy
1st, 2nd & 3rd Trimester Pregnancy
Ectopic Pregnancy
Placenta Previa
Preeclamsia

Caring for the Maternal Client

Signs of Pregnancy
Newborn and Pediatrics
Care of the Newborn
Growth & Development
Cardiovascular Disorders

Respiratory Disorders
Neurological Disorders
Gastrointestinal Disorders
Pediatrics: An NCLEX Review

Psychiatric Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Substance Abuse
Drug Use

ctestpsos

All the Instructions to ACCESS the COURSE will be sent through your email.

All Proceeds Help Support my Help the Homeless Project below.  ⇓⇓⇓⇓ 

tive

 

 

 

 

 

♥♥♥

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

.

 

 

.

 

 

 

Advertisements