So what is cirrhosis and why is it very important to review for the the NCLEX ?
Cirrhosis is basically scarring of the liver. It occurs when there is severe hepatic inflammation or necrosis.
Common causes of cirrhosis:
- HEPATITS C
- HEPATITIS B
Complications of Cirrhosis:
(It is very important to understand these complications for the NCLEX.)
An increase in the pressure in the portal vein. It is usually due to an obstruction of blood flow within the portal vein.
– an accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity.
– there will be retention of water and sodium in the body.
– occurs when thin walled esophageal veins become distended from an increase in pressure.
– is caused by hepatic cirrhosis. Develops because the liver cells cannot effectively excrete bilirubin.
– a manifestation by neurological symptoms
in patients with Cirrhosis:
- ABDOMINAL PAIN
- WEIGHT LOSS
There will be an increase in serum levels of (AST)/ Aspartate aminotransferase, (ALT) / Alanine aminotransferase and (LDH) / Lactate Dehydrogenase.
– depends on the SYMPTOM and the COMPLICATION.
- INTERVENTION FOR ASCITIES INCLUDES *PARACENTESIS – IF DIET AND DRUG MANAGEMENT FAILS.
– The procedure is performed in the bedside.
Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by many forms of liver diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. The liver carries out several necessary functions, including detoxifying harmful substances in your body, cleaning your blood and making vital nutrients.
Cirrhosis occurs in response to damage to your liver. Each time your liver is injured, it tries to repair itself. In the process, scar tissue forms. As cirrhosis progresses, more and more scar tissue forms, making it difficult for the liver to function.
Decompensated cirrhosis is the term used to describe the development of specific complications resulting from the changes brought on by cirrhosis. Decompensated cirrhosis is life-threatening.
The liver damage done by cirrhosis generally can’t be undone. But if liver cirrhosis is diagnosed early and the cause is treated, further damage can be limited and, rarely, reversed.
Cirrhosis often has no signs or symptoms until liver damage is extensive. When signs and symptoms do occur, they may include:
- Bleeding easily
- Bruising easily
- Itchy skin
- Yellow discoloration in the skin and eyes (jaundice)
- Fluid accumulation in your abdomen (ascites)
- Loss of appetite
- Swelling in your legs
- Weight loss
- Confusion, drowsiness and slurred speech (hepatic encephalopathy)
- Spiderlike blood vessels on your skin
- Redness in the palms of the hands
- Testicular atrophy in men
- Breast enlargement in men
Welcome to this NCLEX Quick E Course: There is only ONE GOAL with this course, and that is to pass the NCLEX. You have made it this far, you have graduated Nursing School. You basically have learned, in some way or another the content and essential knowledge necessary to pass the NCLEX exam. With the help of this course, it will now depend on how you are able to apply this knowledge and strategies towards the NCLEX.
Before starting this Quick E Course, I will require 3 essential qualities that you have from within:
The Three C’s includes:
Confidence: Confident that you are going to pass the NCLEX Exam.
Commitment: Committed in doing everything, to pass this Exam.
Concentration: Focus and Concentration throughout this review.
This COURSE will INCLUDE… ♣
The Quick E Course Test Taking Strategies Maslow's Hierarchy The Nursing Process Lab Values (Important) Intravenous Fluids Electrolyte Values NCLEX Review on Medication (IMPORTANT) The Cardiac System The Neuro System The Respiratory System The G.I. System The G.U. System The Endocrine System The Integumentry System The Hematologic System The Musculoskeletal System Eye and Ear Disorders Infection Control Management and Delegation Types of Dysrhytmias Pharmacology Drug Classifications & Adverse Reactions. Classification and Side Effects The Antidote for certain Drugs. Vitamins and Mineral Cardiac Pharmacology Cardiovascular Drugs (Simplified) Cardiac Glycosides Antidysrhytmics Anticoagulants Diuretics Thrombolytics Cardiac Stimulants Central Nervous System Pharm. CNS Stimulants Anticonvulsants Barbituates Benzodiazepines Succinimides Antiparkinsonians Antimyasthenic (Cholinergics) Opioid Analgesics Opioid Antagonists Antiseizure Medication Respiratory Pharmacology Bronchodilators Mucolytic Agents and Expectorants Antihistamine Antitussives G.I. System Pharmacology GI Drugs Antacids Anticholinergics Antiemetics Antidiarrheals Cathartics/Laxatives G.U. System Pharmacology Spasmolytics Urinary Anti-infectives Pharmacology Review A basic review of pharmacology Overview of diff. type of Antibiotics Adrenegic Antagonist Drugs Parasympathetic Nervous System Hematological Disorders Antiplatelets Anticoagluants Autonomic Nervous System Adrenergic Drugs Cholinergic Agents Anticholinergics Antiparkinsonian Agents Beta Adrenergic Blockers Anti-infectives Aminoglycosides Maternity and Pediatrics Maternal Assessment Signs of Pregnancy Complications of Pregnancy 1st, 2nd & 3rd Trimester Pregnancy Ectopic Pregnancy Placenta Previa Preeclamsia Caring for the Maternal Client Signs of Pregnancy Newborn and Pediatrics Care of the Newborn Growth & Development Cardiovascular Disorders Respiratory Disorders Neurological Disorders Gastrointestinal Disorders Pediatrics: An NCLEX Review Psychiatric Disorders Psychotic Disorders Substance Abuse Drug Use
All the Instructions to ACCESS the COURSE will be sent through your email.
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